Before we can learn what causes diabetes first we need to understand what diabetes is exactly. It is a chronic, fatal and debilitating disease that prevents your body from producing insulin or prevents it from using the insulin produced. Insulin is a hormone responsible for controlling the glucose/sugar level in the blood.
As a consequence of this disease, patients suffer from high blood sugar levels, leading to the damage of blood vessels, nerves and organs. This is because your body requires insulin to utilize sugar as a source of energy.
Different type of diabetes:
a. Type 1 Diabetes
This type of diabetes occurs after a human immune system attacks and kills the beta cells in the pancreas by mistake. As a result, little or no insulin is released to the body. Consequently, instead of sugar being used as a source of energy, it builds up in the blood. Over half of the people who suffer from diabetes have the type 1 diabetes, although it mainly develops in childhood or during adolescence.
Type 1 diabetes treatments:
Type 1 diabetes is treated using insulin. Having healthy diets also keeps your blood sugar at the correct levels.
b.Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes occurs when your body is not able to use the insulin released in the proper way, also called insulin insensitivity. Sugar build up in the blood as opposed to being used to produce energy. This form of diabetes mainly develops among adults.
Type 2 diabetes treatments:
Type 2 diabetes is managed through meal planning and physical activity and may also be treated using medications and insulin to control the blood sugar.
C. Gestational Diabetes
Gestational diabetes is a temporary condition that takes place during pregnancy. The condition affects about four percent of pregnant women and pre-disposes both the mother and the child to the risk of contracting diabetes.
Complications associated with diabetes
High blood sugar does not come without complications. Such complications include foot problems, kidney diseases, heart attack, erectile dysfunction and nerve damage. Proper management of blood sugar level minimizes the risk of contracting the complications.
What is the Symptoms of diabetes
Having the following symptoms may mean that you have diabetes, although the symptoms could be brought by other causes different from diabetes.
- Increased urination and thirst
- Sudden weight loss
- Blurred vision
- Increased hunger
WHAT CAUSES DIABETES AND HOW TO CONTROL YOUR DIABETES
- Destruction of the Insulin Producing Beta Cells
Type 1 diabetes occurs after the immune system attacks and destroys the cells that produce insulin, also known as beta cells. Environmental and genetical factors like viruses trigger the disease.
- Overweight, Physical Inactivity and Obesity
Physical inactivity pre-disposes you to the risk of contracting diabetes because it causes obesity and overweight. Insulin resistance may be as a result of overweight and is common with people suffering from type 2 diabetes. Excessive belly fat leads to insulin resistance, causing blood vessel and heart diseases.
- Insulin Resistance
Type 2 diabetes starts with insulin resistance, a condition that makes the liver, fat and muscle cells to use insulin inadequately. Your body thus requires more insulin to assist glucose in entering the cells. The pancreas becomes unable to make insulin, leading to a rise in the blood glucose level.
- Family History and Genetical Reasons
Genes may put you at a higher risk of contracting diabetes. They increase the risk of contracting diabetes by making you overweight and obese. Mostly, the disease runs in families and is common among the following ethnic/racial groupings:
- American Indians
- Pacific Islanders
- African Americans
- Hormonal Changes
Hormonal changes during pregnancy may cause gestational diabetes, along with lifestyle and genetic factors. The placenta also produces hormones that cause insulin resistance, increasing the risk of contracting diabetes.
- Genetic Mutations
Monogenic diabetes is mostly caused by changes or mutations in one gene. The changes are passed over families, although the mutation may also happen in isolation. Mutations reduce the ability of the pancreas to produce insulin, causing diabetes. Cystic Fibrosis lead to the production of thick mucus, causing scarring of the pancreas. Scarring prevents your pancreas from producing enough insulin. Hemochromatosis makes your body store excessive iron, damaging the pancreas.
- Pancreas Damage
Diseases such as trauma, pancreatic cancer and pancreatitis harm the beta cells, making them unable to produce insulin, something that causes diabetes. Removal of a damaged pancreas means that diabetes is more likely to occur because the beta cells have been removed.
Some medicines harm beta cells and affect the production of insulin. Such medicines include niacin, diuretics, psychiatric drugs, HIV drugs, pentamidine and anti-rejection medicines.
Prevention of Diabetes
Diabetes is a condition that is easy to prevent. Keeping the blood sugar level within the recommended range is the only thing you should do. The following are ways through which you can prevent diabetes.
- Eat Healthy Foods
Healthy living means healthy feeding, whether or not you have diabetes. However, those with diabetes need to know the foods they should eat, and how much of the food they should consume.
- Know the correct portions of carbohydrate that you should take.
- Ensure that all your meals are well balanced
- Ensure that your meals and medications are well coordinated
- Stay away from sugar-sweetened beverages
Physical activity is a must for people who intend to prevent diabetes. Exercising makes the muscles utilize sugar to produce energy, making the body use insulin more. Exercises lower your blood level and keep you away from diabetes. House chores such as gardening and cleaning are also important exercises.
- Talk to your doctor to obtain an exercise plan
- Ensure that you have an exercise schedule
- Know your numbers by talking to the doctor to obtain the appropriate blood sugar levels.
- Regularly check the levels of your blood sugar
- Always stay hydrated
- Always be prepared with snacks to boost the blood sugar level just in case it goes down during training.
- Adjust the diabetes treatment plan appropriately
Diabetes is a condition that is manageable, all you need to know is how to manage it and how to prevent the illness. So if you have read this entire article you learn what causes diabetes and different types of diabetes. Remember always seek a medical expert when you fee some discomfort.